Present simple:

Czynności powtarzające się

e.g.   I drink coffee every day.

He often goes to museums.

Czynności ogólnie trwające

I live in Warsaw.

He lives in Gdańsk.

Przyszłość „dla rzeczy” np rozkłady jazdy  

e.g. My trains leaves tomorrow at 5.

The meeting starts in half an hour.

Budowa czasu – zdania twierdzące, pytania i przeczenia

I write many emails.

Do you write many emails?

I do not (don’t) write many emails.

He drinks much coffee.

Does he drink much coffee?

He does not (doesn’t) drink much coffee.

Odmiana czasowników:

Wszystkie inne czasowniki np. Like

I like, you like, he likes, she likes, it likes, we like, you like, they like


To be

I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, we are, you are, they are


I can, you can, he can, she can, it can, we can, you can, they can


I have, you have, he has, she has, it has, we have, you have, they have

We are at home. – Are we at home? We aren’t at home.

He can swim. – Can he swim? He can’t swim.

Song: Elvis Presley „In the ghetto”:

As the snow flies

On a cold and gray Chicago mornin’

A poor little baby child is born

In the ghetto (in the ghetto)

And his mama cries

'Cause if there’s one thing that she don’t need

It’s another hungry mouth to feed

In the ghetto (in the ghetto)

People, don’t you understand

The child needs a helping hand

Or he’ll grow to be an angry young man some day?

Take a look at you and me

Are we too blind to see

Do we simply turn our heads, and look the other way?

Well, the world turns

And a hungry little boy with a runny nose

Plays in the street as the cold wind blows

In the ghetto (in the ghetto)

And his hunger burns

So he starts to roam the streets at night

And he learns how to steal, and he learns how to fight

In the ghetto (in the ghetto)

Then one…


Present continuous:

Czynności które dzieją się w momencie mówienia.

e.g We are sitting now.

He is writing a letter.

Czynności tymczasowe.

e.g. This week we are working longer because there is so much work.

Plan na przyszłość „dla ludzi”

e.g. Next week we are visiting our parents.

My boss is meeting me in the afternoon.


We are talking. – Are we talking? We aren’t talking.

He is smiling. – Is he smiling? He isn’t smiling.

Czasowniki opisujące stan nie występują w present continuous:

I like this song.

I understand what you are saying.

He believes you.


Czasowniki opisujące zmysły (see, hear, smell, taste) w znaczeniu czynności odbywającej się w momencie mówienia przyjmują konstrukcję:

I can see you now.

Czasowniki te w znaczeniu planu na przyszłość, zachowują się według normalnego schematu:

I am seeing my boss tomorrow.

Song: Fool’s Garden „Lemon Tree”:

I’m sittin’ here in the boring room

It’s just another rainy Sunday afternoon

I’m wasting my time

I got nothin’ to do

I’m hangin’ around

I’m waitin’ for you

But nothing ever happens and I wonder

I’m drivin’ around in my car

I’m drivin’ too fast

I’m drivin’ too far

I’d like to change my point of view

I feel so lonely

I’m waitin’ for you

But nothing ever happens and I wonder

I wonder how

I wonder why

Yesterday you told me ’bout the blue blue sky

And all that I can see is just a yellow lemon tree

I’m turnin’ my head up and down

I’m turnin’, turnin’, turnin’, turnin’, turnin’ around

And all that I can see is just another lemon tree





I’m sittin’ here

I miss the power

I’d like to go out takin’ a shower



Często chodzę do kina. – I often go to the cinema.

On czasami wstaje o 5 rano. – He sometimes gets up at 5 am.

Jutro idziemy do kina. – Tomorrow we are going to the cinema.

Mój pociąg odjeżdża jutro o 9. – My train leaves tomorrow at 9.

Podoba mi się ta piosenka. – I like this song.

Wierzę ci. – I believe you.

Co robisz jutro? – What are you doing tomorrow?

Gdzie pracujesz? – Where do you work?

Co robisz? – What are you doing? What do you do?



Present simple:

Elvis Presley – In the ghetto

Bonnie Tyler – Total Eclipse of the Heart

The Cure – Friday I’m in love

Present continuous:

Fool’s Garden – Lemon Tree

Rod Steward – Sailing.